A New Design for Google Glass?

Google Glass has made a lot of waves and has taken the media by storm. People love it. People hate it. People don’t understand it. No matter which side of the argument you are on, you cannot deny that Google Glass is a revolutionary piece of technology. The main problem? You cannot hide the fact that you’re wearing it. Google Glass wearers stick out like a sore thumb. Some are being kicked out of establishments solely based on the fact that they’re wearing the technology.

What is the answer? Redesign it! Google is allegedly working on a patent that involves a more hidden projector device – one that sits inside the frame rather than outside of it. It would be hidden by thick-rimmed glasses that bear much resemblance to a normal pair of eyewear. With this design, wearers could much more easily blend into a crowd and not have to answer questions about whether or not they are recording everything that everyone else is doing.

Right now, the patent that was issued for the new design is preliminary. No one knows whether Google will go forward with the design and actually manufacture it, or if it will stay in the idea phase forever. Nonetheless, it is exciting because the appearance of the product seems to be people’s biggest complaint so far. People who own the technology generally cannot say enough good things about it, except, of course, the fact that they are judged immediately when someone sees them wearing it. Perhaps this new design is the answer to that problem and will boost the product’s perception.

No word yet on what this version of the product may cost – stay tuned to see how this develops. You can see the drawings here:




How to Patent Your Invention

I usually discuss the latest patents found in the news today. However, I thought it would be interesting and fun to talk about how one would go about patenting their own inventions. It is important to make sure that no one makes money by copying your invention and putting you out of business- you will need to patent it.

Patents are exclusive rights that are granted to inventors by their governments. It is a right to manufacture, sell and use the invention in question. Patents are valid for a number of years, so you will need to be very careful when applying for it.

If you make an invention and want to make sure that no one will be able to steal it and use for their own enrichment, you will need to take the following steps:

  • Make sure no similar invention has been patented. In order to do this, you will need to study a great deal of public records and patents. This is a very complicated and time-consuming process. If you can afford it, you should hire a specialized patent attorney to do this research. A professional will know where and how to look. They will also understand whether the differences between your invention and the one that has already been registered are sufficient to get yours patented.
  • File a provisional patent application. This will protect your rights during the period of time while you gather the funds or develop your idea further. Please note that you must actually have an invention you want to patent in order to get your intellectual property protected. A mere idea of an invention is not patentable. A provisional application is valid for 12 months.
  • File a non-provisional application. It is possible to convert a provisional application into a non-provisional one. However, it will be more efficient to file two separate applications. This will allow you to extend the period of time your invention will be protected before you manage to patent it properly. It will be best to employ the services of a specialized attorney to help you with drafting and filing the application. Please note that a non-provisional application must include specific drawings and meet other format requirements set by the USPTO (United States Patent and Trademark Office).
  • Pay the fees. USPTO charges certain fees for all non-electronic applications. You will need to consult their current fee schedule in order to know how much money you will need to pay. The amount will vary depending on the size of your organization and the number of claims. The fees are non-refundable. If you are granted your patent, you will need to pay an additional fee.
  • Be patient. As the number of applications is huge, it may take an examiner one or even two years to reach your application. If it gets rejected, you will be able to amend it before the final decision is made.

Girl Scouts Supporting Innovation and Entrepreneurship

The Girl Scouts have always been known for their support of education for young women, and they have long been the go-to organization to teach leadership skills to girls. Now, they are taking it a step further by teaching girls the ins and outs of intellectual property, patents, innovation, and entrepreneurship with their new “intellectual property” patch curriculum.

Girl Scouts have the opportunity to earn patches for various achievements. For example, there are patches for volunteering, tutoring, first aid training, financial education, sewing, cooking, gardening, leadership, and so many other areas. Girls will learn about business and how to turn ideas into profitable companies through the intellectual property curriculum. They will have to learn the basics of patent laws as well as the differences between copyrights, trademarks, and patents in order to earn the badges for the program.

This is a big step for the Girl Scouts. Many have praised them for empowering women and teaching them to be independent, but they have also been harshly criticized in the past for catering too much to traditional gender roles. By teaching girls from a young age the importance of following through with ideas and protecting their rights to their ideas, they will be taking a giant leap towards truly helping women succeed in the business world.

The program will probably go through some changes as they try it out, and some are already saying that Girl Scouts are too young to understand the nitty gritty details of patents – but I say it’s awesome. I think we are never too young to understand how innovation shapes the world and how we can each individually be a part of it. I applaud the Girl Scouts and hope that many girls take advantage of this program. 

Apple Involved in Another Patent Battle

Apple can’t seem to keep their hands out of patent trouble lately. They’ve recently gone through a massively public battle with Samsung over various mobile telephone technology, and now they are in an argument with Bose over headphones. The suit is technically being brought against Beats Audio, but since they are being acquired by Apple as we speak, the suit will now fall on Apple’s shoulders.

Bose is claiming that Beats has infringed upon their research into the noise-canceling realm and that at least five of Bose’s patents are directly violated by Beats products. Currently, Bose’s various headphones designs are protected by 22 different patents and 14 more that are currently under review.

Bose certainly has a case here. The suit delves into the history of the development of noise-canceling technology and the research that was personally done by the company’s founder, Dr. Amar Bose. The complaint speaks of Dr. Bose’s desire to invent headphones that would be of a higher quality and that would reduce or even eliminate background cabin noise on an airplane. Because of his successful prototypes and designs, the military even contacted him about creating products that would help pilots.

It makes sense that Beats Audio would want to replicate what Bose has created – after all, no one can argue that Bose sound systems and headphones are quite superior to almost everything else out there, but if the technology used was, in fact, patented, then Beats – or Apple – may end up having to pay damages. If Bose wins the suit, Apple may have a bit of a mess on their hands trying to figure out how to create headphones that match the quality Beats has created without infringing upon Bose’s technology and designs. 

New Seats for Airbus?

Airplane manufacturer Airbus has found a new solution for getting more passengers on board each plane: make the seats even smaller than they already are. They have filed a patent for a new type of seat that takes away anything they called “bulk” on their patent application (so, basically anything that makes the seat comfortable – like cushions, headrests, seat backs, and tray tables). 

These new seats resemble a bicycle seat. Passengers would basically straddle the seat, and they would be given small armrests that would serve to keep them balanced in a more or less standing position during the flight. The seats can then be folded vertically between flights or when not in use to allow for more room on the plane. The reduced space would make cleaning the plane easier, and it would make the flight attendants’ jobs a little simpler by allowing them to pass through passengers more effectively.

Not everyone is sold on the idea. The Washington Post got a hold of the patent drawings and has already dubbed them “the most uncomfortable plane seats ever,” but it certainly could allow airlines to boost revenue by eliminated extra space and packing more people on board. For a shorter flight, it may not be so bad. For a long flight though? Sounds pretty rough. Even the current options for plane seats are pretty uncomfortable. It’s hard to image something as stripped down as what Airbus is proposing. 

Take a look at the drawing:


What do you think?

Future Chef: New Kitchen Technology

Since Julia Child first appeared on television teaching the world the joys of French cooking, normal everyday consumers have attempted making some of the dishes that they may have only seen in restaurants.  The regular person could now attempt professional style cooking, and this only became more popular as the years went by.  Cooking shows then increased in number, and eventually a whole television network on cable was created specifically for food and cooking.  Plus with home shopping-type networks the consumer could purchase many professional chef’s implements right at home.  Now there is seemingly nothing that a home-chef enthusiast can’t do in their kitchen once they obtain the newest and coolest cooking tools.

And there is no lack of these tools coming out of the woodwork.  New cooking and kitchen-type technology is big now, and getting bigger.  Famous Chefs like Emeril Lagasse and Wolfgang Puck have their own lines of cooking tools and equipment now, and countless companies are developing future cooking tech. every day.  Here are just a few of the latest and coolest tools to help improve your kitchen experience.    

The Toaster Wrap:

A common complaint concerning home toaster design has always been the amount of counter space it takes up.  That is now no longer an issue with this amazingly cool toaster design by Yanko Design. Lay your bread on The Toaster Wrap to crisp-up nicely, and then when you are done it just rolls up and stores easily with little hassle.  This must be just as unique as the first electric toaster seemed.    

The Cutting Board Scale:

The Cutting Board Scale by Design Boom combines two needed, but underrated, tools of the kitchen.  Why bother with separate scales and measuring cups when this cutting board is on hand?  It allows you to measure your chopped or sliced ingredients while you cut them up, dirtying less equipment and potentially spreading less germs.  A little shift in the way you read the measurement of your ingredients (by weight instead of volume) and you are all set.    

The Smart Knife: 

The new and ingenious Smart Knife solves a lot of nagging kitchen problems.  When dealing with fresh ingredients, it gives basic information on freshness  and nutrients, plus the possible presence of bacteria on food materials.  This high-tech knife has a sensor system on the tip and blade to collect information, which is then processed and displayed to the user on the Smart Screen, set in the side of the blade.  As of yet the Smart Knife is still unavailable, but should be out soon!    

The HALO Heating Spoon:

This one is just great, and the early morning coffee drinker’s dream.  The HALO Heating Spoon by Yanko Design is its own self-contained heating unit.  The spoon not only comes in handy when your cup of coffee cools to that nasty lukewarm, but your soup and other foods or beverages also.  It’s also comes in handy when you need to quickly heat something up and don’t want to use the stove or microwave.  Just dip-it-in and stir your way to warming goodness.    

The Advanced Digital Measuring Cup: 

This advanced Taylor Digital Measuring Cup and Scale, like the cutting board above, makes measuring ingredients easier.  It gives you traditional measurements plus it offers a digital reading for more accuracy when dealing with certain ingredients, or even medication.  The secret to the cup’s accuracy is that it measures by weight not volume, making its results more precise.  Probably the greatest feature included in this cup is the automatic conversion tool.  It automatically converts 5 preset ingredients—flour, sugar, milk, water and oil—from ounces to cups and back; a great help in certain recipes. 

The list of cool new kitchen devices is seemingly endless and constantly growing.  A person could go broke keeping up with them, so buy carefully.  Just remember, cooking can be fun.  When you chose your new tools for the kitchen, always keep fun as well as efficiency in mind, and enjoy your cooking future!    

The Hot Gadgets of 2014: So Far, So Cool

Panono 360 camera, photo courtesy of UOL.com


One thing we humans are is persistently inventive.  Since the beginning of our time on this planet man has created things to help improve their way of life.  A look through patent history will show that clear enough.  In fact from the time that protection-by-patent was created, right up to the present, the records read like a timeline of discovery and creation.  Not all the patented inventions were completely successful, or even that interesting, but there is a sub-set of inventions that have a singular novelty that makes them very popular, even if only for a short time.  These are the Gadgets—inventions that become popular for their ingenuity as well as for their ability to successfully solve, or make easier, one of life’s problems or chores.  Each year has its list of cool gadgets and so far, 2014 has been no different.  Here are some that have risen to the top during the first half of the year.

MiniDrone Rolling Spider Quadcopter:

OK, so we all know that drone’s are cool—even the military thinks so—but how great would it be to have your own drone?  Parrot company, known up to now for its AR Drone, has released the new Rolling Spider, amongst others in its line of drones.  This little micro-quadcopter is slick, zipping around in all directions like a Hummingbird.  Plus, like the AR, the Rolling Spider is controlled by any smart-phone or tablet that supports its control app.  It also features two large wheels which help the unit roll along walls and ceilings, instead of banging around against them.  Plus you can, of course, take photos of your spider’s trip with the onboard camera.  The Rolling Spider doesn’t appear to be available to purchase yet, but all the product details can be found here.

The Panono 360° Camera:

This is a truly incredible item that has made a mark on almost every new tech list on the Net.  Resembling a child’s play-ball from the future the Panono is an ingenious way to take 360° panoramic digital photographs while still retaining some human spontaneity.  Set-it, toss it up in the air, and when it comes back down you have a full capture it snapped at the peak of its trip.  How awesome is that?  Created by Jonas Pfeil, the Panono has 36 cameras that capture an amazingly clear 108 mega-pixels each.  Then, instead of just viewing one image at a time in a gallery afterwards, you view it with your smart-phone or notepad with the iOS or Android app.  By standing in one place and moving it in all directions, you see the actual scene surroundings as they were captured. Check out real-time examples of the view here.

Wireless Solar K750 Keyboard, image courtesy of staticworld.net

Wireless Solar K750 Keyboard:

The Logitech Wireless Solar Keyboard K750 may not be as dramatic as the first two items, but the convenience of never having to worry about your batteries failing again, put it on the list.  The keyboard sets up as easy as other Logitech peripherals with their 2.4GHz plug-and-play Unifying Receiver.  It is a tiny USB attachment that can support multiple wireless devices, such as a mouse and a keyboard with just a single input.  The solar panels on the top of the K750 charge under indoor light as well as outside, and the solar battery can keep its charge for up to 3 months, even if during that time it is in the complete dark (like in a drawer).

FitBit One Activity Tracker, image courtesy of PC Magazine

The FitBit One Wearable Activity Tracker:

This wearable smart activity-tracking monitor is all the rage now with several brands descending on the public at once.  One of the undisputed best seems to be the One by FitBit .  Available now for under $100, the FitBit One stands up-and-above its competitors in a couple of big ways.  First it not only helps you to get fit in the regular, physical, ways, but it also helps your health by reducing mental stress.  During the daytime hours, it tracks your physical movement by step-count and distance, stairs climbed, etc.  It also records how many calories you burn and allows you to set fitness goals.  Then, as a bonus, when night falls, it also tracks your sleep quality and wakes you up in the morning—plus it helps you learn how to get better and more restful sleep.  The Onecomes with graphs, charts, and other computer tools to assist you, and of course, syncs with your smartphone.   Your FitBit One comes in three colors, is sleek and sharp looking, and you can check out the details here.

Without trying to sound like a commercial, these new gadgets—although only a few in number—are perfect examples of the ingenuity of modern man.  Nowadays gadgets like these may involve many patents and include components patented by others, which demonstrates how we build upon the creations of each other as we strive to create the latest new and original item.  It will be exciting to see how the next 6 months of 2014 fare in the development of the gadget.

Facebook’s Patent Infringement Case Goes to Trial

While Apple Inc. and Samsung Electronics Co. are still trying to end their three-year legal fight over smart-phone technology, Facebook is in the news again, this time for their current patent infringement case.  In a story by Mathew Barakat at  <a href=”http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/trial-underway-patent-case-facebook-24093943″>ABC News Online</a> it’s been reported that the trial is underway in U.S. District Court in Alexandria, VA.  Facebook allegedly infringed on patents held by a Dutch computer programmer who tried to launch a similar site called Surfbook over 10 years ago.    

The programmer is Johannes Van Der Meer, who allegedly filed for patents in 1998, for technical ideas and methods used for his web-based personal diary.  The patents were issued in 2001 and 2002, which was well before Facebook debuted in 2003.  The strange twist, and the biggest problem, is that Van Der Meer’s website, Surfbook, never launched because he died in 2004.  Because of this, Facebook is being sued by a holding company called Rembrandt Social Media on Van Der Meer’s behalf.

For their part, Facebook—based in Menlo Park, California—states that the patents issued should never have been awarded to Van Der Meer because the methods and ideas detailed in Van Der Meer’s patents were “obvious to anyone in the trade”.

According to the ABC News article, even though it is not common for patent-infringement lawsuits to make it to a federal jury trial, Jason Rantanen—a law professor at the University of Iowa, and a specialist in patent law—said that “roughly one percent of the thousands of infringement lawsuits filed every year end up in that group.”  Facebook had continued to fight unsuccessfully for over a year, but will now end up taking the fight to a jury.

Bringing a lawsuit before a jury is definitely not desirable.  Facebook, during its history, has been a frequent target for lawsuits but usually comes out on top.  According to Rantanen, there was only one other case of patent-infringement in which Facebook went to jury-trial as defendant.  They won that case also, but unfortunately when dealing with 7 random strangers, there is no real way to guarantee the outcome.

Facebook’s claim that “anyone in the trade” would have been aware of Van Der Meer’s methods, may be a way of demonstrating that social media websites like Facebook were evolving so fast that overlapping ideas were inevitable, and that the ideas and methods that Van Der Meer patented were not actually unique.  In patent law this is known as hindsight bias and may be Facebook’s saving grace in this trial.  As noted by Rantanen in the ABC news story, “The plaintiff has to overcome the tendency to say, Hey, it was all going in this direction anyway.” 

The technical aspect of the case—according to University of Maryland professor Jennifer Golbeck, who is an expert witness for the plaintiff—centers  on a technology used by Facebook called Bigpipe.  It deals with increasing the speed in which Web pages are loaded, but it’s the more general features including the “like” and “share” buttons, and the adjustable privacy settings that were reportedly anticipated under Van Der Meer’s original patents—and now a focus of the lawsuit. 

The scene in the courtroom has been painted quite vividly—from the stacks of “three-ring binders stuffed with legal documents” on the judge’s desk to the jury of four women and three men, and the teams of top lawyers on both sides.  Rembrandt, who specializes in filing lawsuits on behalf of patent holders, still maintains that the personal web page diary that Johannes Van Der Meer had invented years before bears a “remarkable resemblance, both in terms of its functionality and technical implementation” to Facebook and will demonstrate this in court.  If Facebook loses the case, they may face a judgment that could be in the millions of dollars.


Patent Infringement Case Makes it to Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of the United States just ruled on a case that could affect the way companies – especially biotech companies – create the language in their patents. The case, Limelight Networks, Inc vs. Akamai Technologies, Inc, has created a new precedent that will likely change patents in the future.

In this case, both companies were offering similar services that involved storing and retrieving content on their servers to later be used for uploading to webpages. Akamai’s process was patented first, and it involved a lengthy, multi-step process. Limelight’s service was very similar, but did not follow Akamai’s process exactly. One of the steps fell on the responsibility of the client. As such, they argued that their process was different and therefore not in infringement of Akamai’s patent.

The lower appellate court ruled that Limelight was, in fact, not in direct infringement of the patent, but they did rule that they were responsible for “inducing” infringement, and that their actions were a slippery slope that would encourage other companies to try and slip around patent laws by changing one step of a patented process. The Supreme Court ruled against the appellate court and did not agree that any patent violation took place.

This is all a bit concerning to companies whose futures depend on being able to patent complicated processes. They worry that other companies now have free reign to change minute details of a process and therefore circumvent patent law. In order to prevent intellectual property, companies are going to have to start becoming more protective of the language they use in their patents so that they can ensure that their inventions are not being altered and used elsewhere.

Patents Encourage Innovation and Creativity

There are some people out there who believe that patents are stifling and that the law can be too restrictive, cutting off innovation. There are certainly some strong arguments for this – over the years, there have been some terrible patent wars that have brought companies to their knees and really made certain entities question whether or not the pursuit of invention is worth the hassle. Think of Charles Goodyear or Elias Howe Jr. who both brought patent infringement suits against their own licensees. Those kinds of cases are frustrating and cast a shadow over the idea of patents.

On the other hand, what if patents didn’t exist? What if there were no laws governing intellectual property? On one hand, you could say that there would be more open-source material out there. That people would be more willing to share their ideas. But think about human nature: we are protective. We want to make sure that we are properly credited for our ideas, and we want to be sure that our ideas are being used in the way they were originally intended. If there were no protection, we would not have these guarantees.

In all likelihood, if patents weren’t possible, people would hold their ideas close and keep them secret until they were fully developed. At least with the ability to patent work, people are free to generate an idea without even building it! They can then choose whether or not to develop it themselves, license it to someone else, or scrap it all together. The patent actually gives them freedom!

The world of intellectual property law is complicated and intimidating. It can be scary entering into the market for the first time. Just remember that patents were originally designed to protect the people with the ideas. The world needs ideas! Keep dreaming; keep innovating; and keep researching your options to get your work out there. The system will work in your favor if you let it.